What is the difference between a pigment and a dye? Are they the same thing?

Category: Earth Pigments

No, pigments and dyes are not the same thing. Pigments are insoluble colorants that are suspended in a medium, while dyes are soluble colorants that dissolve in a medium. A solution of pigment will be cloudy, while a solution of dye will be transparent. Pigments are often more opaque and can cover the underlying surface more effectively, while dyes are usually more transparent and allow the base colour to show through. Pigments tend to be more lightfast, meaning they resist fading when exposed to light, while some dyes may be less resistant to fading.

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